Orthodontics

Orthodontics is the specialty of dental medicine that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental malformations and maxillary malformations, and correction through the dental apparatus.

Its aim is the correct function of the stomatognathic system and the dental and facial aesthetics. These malformations are so common that it is estimated that only 10% of the world population has normal occlusion.

This area of intervention of dental medicine improves occlusion of the teeth, promoting a good distribution of the force exerted on the teeth, protecting them from injuries in the gums, bones and ligaments.


Pathologies



- Crowding
One of the most common problems is the lack of space that may appear isolated or associated with other problems.

- Lateral crossbite
When the top teeth are inside the bottom teeth.

- Retrognathism
When the upper teeth are protruding or when the chin is receding from the face.

- Prognathism
When the lower teeth meet in front of the upper teeth.


What are the different Orthodontic Treatment techniques?



METALLIC BRACES


It’s the “traditional” fixed appliance and has been used the longest in the history of fixed orthodontics.

Advantages: Resistance and more affordable cost compared to other options
Disadvantages: less aesthetics; cannot be removed for hygiene or social reasons


CERAMIC APPLIANCE


Fixed appliance that uses the same biomechanical and technical principles as the metallic device but offers greater aesthetics using translucent ceramic brackets and therefore much more aesthetic.

Advantages: Greater aesthetics
Disadvantages: Higher cost compared to the metallic device; like the previous one cannot be removed for hygiene or social reasons


TRANS PARENT ALIGNERS


This is the most recently developed orthodontic treatment system that uses cad-cam technology to build, through specific software, an individualized device for each patient (called aligners). In addition to the high precision of results, it is made of practically imperceptible transparent material and allows the patient to remove it whenever he desires.

Advantages: Aesthetics, much greater comfort, allows removal by the patient whenever desires (hygiene, social reasons, moments of concentration, etc.)
Disadvantages: higher cost compared to previous ones

Orthodontics in Orallagos



In Orallagos orthodontic treatments are done through a cephalometric analysis of the radiography profile, analysis of the models of the mouth, analysis of the photographs and the clinical history of the patient. It is only later that the specialist doctor can advise the type of device to be used, and it may be necessary to apply removable, fixed and / or biomechanical devices according to the patient needs.

The duration of the orthodontic treatment lasts an average of 1.5 to 2 years, but may take more or less time depending on the patient's response.

Clinical Cases

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